Single Rope Systems

Canyon Rope Systems Single Rope Systems Episode 2 of 10 This is a free course featuring Brent Roth about different ways to set up rappels...

Canyon Rope Systems Single Rope Systems Episode 2 of 10 This is a free course featuring Brent Roth about different ways to set up rappels through a canyon. This considers ease of rigging, abrasion, ease of rescue and how efficient it is to move people through the canyon. Our courses are A-Z content in blog format, glued together with an overarching blog we call a textbook. A blog format is easy to read, easy to update, and easy to translate. Be sure to begin at the TEXTBOOK and at the end of each episode we'll point you to the next. This episode talks about a single rope system. That is when you can only rappel one strand of your rope. It needs to be set up to be RETRIEVABLE, but you can rig that to be STATIC or RELEASABLE. Single Rope Systems One strand for rappelling from the anchor Static - Once the rope is weighted it cannot be adjusted. When is this used? - Emergency rope access (Direct Rescue), Courtesy Rigging for a jump or down-climb, using more than half of your rope length for rappel, ghosting. When should you not use this? - In considerable flow, hydraulic or difficult swimming disconnect when an exact rope length is desired. When high abrasion points are identified and cannot be avoided. Examples - Basic: Figure 8 on a bight clipped to the anchor, knot block, carabiner block Advanced: Stone knot with a fiddlestick, CEM, macramé knot. Retrieval - For blocked configurations, simply pull on the strand with the block. For others, you must regain access to the anchor by ascending the rope, climbing, or use a ghosting technique. Releasable - The person on the rope can be lowered from the anchor. This can be achieved with a friction device or Münter on the rappel strand or using a blocking method on the backside. When is this used? - Rappelling in considerable flow, to set precise rope length, manage abrasion, indirect rescue. This is the most commonly used system in aquatic canyons. When should you not use this? - When the potential of high abrasion cutting a single strand exists. Examples - F8 block (EMO), Munter (MMO) Retrieval For MMO -> convert to knot block or carabiner block For F8 Block -> Remove backup, pull strand with block 10% Supports HowNOT2 They sell canyon gear and ship internationally If you have a bunch of rope in the water, you can get tangled up in it. A releasable system allows you to set a precise rope length just above the water so you are not swimming with your rope. At 1:14 in this video you can see what happens if you do! Single Rope Systems Rating Static System Ease of Rigging - Better This system is one of the easiest to rig. It can be a simple Fo8 clipped to the anchor (direct) or a blocked system. Some systems require extra equipment knowledge, like using a toggle, but are still easy to rig. ✅Little or no hardware ✅Easy to identify ✅Easy to learn ✅Fast to rig ❌It does not have to be re-rigged to retrieve Rigged for Rescue - Not really These systems have no immediate form of rescue without advanced training or extra rigging. This is why caution should be taken when rigging a static single system in a complex environment or traveling with beginners. Self-rescue is easier on a single strand, you potentially have some rope in reserve, and a single strand is easier to ascend so I gave it two stars. ✅Easy to self-rescue ✅Easy to ascend ❌No additional rigging is required for rescue ❌Option to lower (Indirect Rescue) ❌Option to rappel (Direct Rescue) Efficient - Not completely One person at a time on rappel is not efficient for moving a group. Depending on the type of system (direct or blocked) the rigging will not have to be changed for retrieval. This saves some time and reduces the opportunities for error, but doesn't equal the time needed to move more than four people. ✅No additional steps are required to retrieve ❌Two people at a time Abrasion Protection - None Since the rope can not be adjusted once it is weighted, there is no way to manage abrasion from the anchor. Other measures must be taken (ie deviation, rope protection, or elimination) to manage rope abrasion. ❌One moving strand ❌Two strands for rappel ❌Two moving strands ❌Redundancy HowNOT2 SWAG Single Rope Systems Rating Releasable System Ease of Rigging - Better With little training, this system is the go-to for many canyoners. The two most commonly used are based on the Munter Mule Overhand (MMO) or the Figure 8 device. Both can be quickly tied and are easily recognized with some training and practice. ✅Easy to identify ✅Easy to learn ✅Fast to rig ✅It does not have to be re-rigged to retrieve ❌Little or no hardware Rigged for Rescue - Better Since these systems are releasable, there is an immediate option for an Indirect Rescue by lowering the person on rappel. In a swiftwater (class C) canyon, more training is highly recommended to identify hazards and how to appropriately use a releasable system. ✅Easy to self-rescue ✅Easy to ascend ✅No additional rigging is required for rescue ✅Option to lower (Indirect Rescue) ❌Option to rappel (Direct Rescue) Efficient - It depends… One person at a time on rappel is not efficient for moving a group. Depending on the type of system (direct or blocked) the rigging will not have to be changed for retrieval. This saves some time and reduces the opportunities for error, but doesn't equal the time needed to move more than four people ✅No additional steps are required to retrieve ❌Two people at a time Abrasion Protection - Good Since this system can be lowered, the rope can be allowed to move while a person is on rappel. This moves any abrasion to the rope down while the rope is under tension. This is an effective way to manage multiple moderate abrasion points on a single rappel. ✅One moving strand ❌Two strands for rappelling ❌Two moving strands ❌Redundancy HowNOT2 Contribute If you have something to share, we'd love to add it. Please be kind by delivering something ready to add, whether that is a video or an image or a written piece, and tell us where you think it best fits. It doesn't have to agree with what we included, but it does have to be respectful and professional. There are a lot of great ideas out there and this is a place they can be shared. ryan@slackline.com What's Next? 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